The Basketball Game
Basketball is a popular game in the world. In Basketball, there need two teams of players. If you want to play this game you will need a rectangular field, and a basket or hoop is available to put the ball in the basket or hoop so try to shoot as many balls through the hoop through the game. Interesting fun facts about basketball would be the most sought article for the basketball lovers.
The game was invented by a physical teacher in 1891 Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts which is situated in the United States. The creator was Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian who is trying to create a game for students during the long winter to keep active.
History of Basket Ball
In contrast to other sports, basketball has a clear origin. It is not the evolution of an ancient game or another sport and the inventor is well known: Dr. James Naismith.
Naismith was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, Ontario, Canada. He graduated as a physician at McGill University in Montreal and was primarily interested in sports physiology.
In 1891, while working as a physical education teacher at the YMCA International Training School in the United States, Naismith was faced with the problem of finding in 14 days an indoor game to provide “athletic distraction” for the students at the School for Christian Workers.
After discarding the idea of adapting outdoor games like soccer and lacrosse, Naismith recalled the concept of a game of his school days known as duck-on-a-rock that involved accuracy attempting to knock a “duck” off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it.
Starting from there, Naismith developed a set of 13 rules that gave origin to the game of basketball.
Of course, it was not exactly as we know it today. The first game was played with a soccer ball and two peach baskets nailed 10-feet high used as goals, on a court just half the size of a present-day court. The baskets retained their bottoms so balls scored the basket had to be poked out with a long dowel each time and dribbling was not part of the original game.
The sport was an instant success and thanks to the initial impulse received by the YMCA movement, basketball’s popularity quickly grew nationwide and was introduced in many nations. Although Naismith never saw the game develop into the spectacular game we know these days, he had the honor to witness basketball become an Olympic sport at the 1936 Games held in Berlin.
Basket Ball Equipment
A basketball is a spherical inflated ball used in basketball games. Basketballs typically range in size from very small promotional items only a few inches in diameter to extra large balls nearly a foot in diameter used in training exercises.
Sneakers are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise. Sneakers have evolved to be used for casual everyday activities.
Knee pads or knee pads are protective gear worn on knees to protect them against impact injury from falling to the ground or hitting an obstacle, or to provide padding for extended kneeling.
The Basketball Shooting Machine, or Gun, is an automated rebounding tool used by basketball players to enhance their shooting skills. “These high-tech machines are placed in a basket where they catch shots and throw the ball back to players.”
Shooting Foul – When a defender makes contact with an offensive player who is in the act of shooting the basketball.
Technical Foul – Violations and misconduct that are detrimental to the game. These are penalized by free-throw opportunities.
Reaching In – When a defender attempts to steal the basketball and the defender extends their arm and hand and makes contact with the opposing ball handler.
Charging – Happens when an offensive player runs into a defender who has an established position.
Holding – When a player uses their hands to interfere with or limit an opponent’s freedom of movement.
Hand Check – When a defender uses one or both hands on the opposing the ball handler.
Reaching In – When attempting to steal the basketball, the defender extends their arm and hand and makes contact with the ball handler.
Blocking – When a player uses their body position to prevent their opponent from advancing down the court.
Flagrant Foul – A foul committed in a violent and harmful manner.
- Center. Centers are generally your tallest players. They generally are positioned near the basket.
- Offensive – The center’s goal is to get open for a pass and to shoot. They are also responsible for blocking defenders, known as picking or screening, to open other players up for driving to the basket for a goal. Centers are expected to get some offensive rebounds and put-backs.
- Defensive – On defense, the center’s main responsibility is to keep opponents from shooting by blocking shots and passes in the key area. They also are expected to get a lot of rebounds because they’re taller.
- Forward. Your next tallest players will most likely be your forwards. While a forward may be called upon to play under the hoop, they may also be required to operate in the wings and corner areas.
- Offensive -Forwards are responsible for getting free for a pass, take outside shots, drive for goals, and rebound.
- Defensive – Responsibilities include preventing drives to the goal and rebounding.
- Guard. These are potentially your shortest players and they should be really good at dribbling fast, seeing the court, and passing. It is their job to bring the ball down the court and set up offensive plays.
- Offensive – Dribbling, passing, and setting up offensive plays are a guard’s main responsibilities. They also need to be able to drive to the basket and to shoot from the perimeter.
- Defensive – On defense, a guard is responsible for stealing passes, contesting shots, preventing drives to the hoop, and for boxing out.
Rules of Basketball
- The ball can be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
- The ball can be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the fist.
- A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on where he catches it.
- The ball must be held in or between the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it.
- No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking, or tripping an opponent.
- A foul is striking the ball with the fist.
- If a side makes three consecutive fouls, it counts as a goal for the opponents.
- A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the ground into the basket and stays there.
- When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it.
- The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made.
- The referee shall be the judge of the ball and decide when it is in play in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time.
- The time shall be two 15-minute halves with a five-minute rest between.
- The side scoring the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner.
Facts about Basketball
- A Basketball goal is scored when a team shoots the ball into the basket.
- Two points are awarded when the player is near to the basket or closer to it than the three-point line.
- Three points are awarded when the player shoots the ball into the basket behind the three-point line.
- Violations of rules during the progress of play are called ‘fouls’.
- A personal foul or a technical foul will give the opponent team a free throw.
- Dr. James Naismith is credited with creating the game on a rainy day of December 1891.
- Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA thus became the first basketball court.
- In early days, the basketball blackboards were actually made of wire and the hoops were originally peach baskets.
- The first official game was played in the YMCA gymnasium in Albany, New York on January 20, 1892, with nine players. The game ended at 1–0.
- Some rules of the game are dervied from the children’s game – Duck on a Rock.
- In the first Inter-college match, the School of Agriculture from the University of Minnesota Defeated the Hamline School of Hamline University.
- Early basketballs are actually Brown in color and later changed to the lighter Orange color.
- Until 1929, a basketball game was played using a Soccer ball.
- The Basketball Association of America (BAA) was formed in 1946.
- In 1949, the BAA merged with the National Basketball League to form the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- The NBA-backed Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) began in 1997.
- The International Basketball Federation was formed in 1932.
- Mens Basketball was part of Olympic Games since the Berlin 1936 Summer Olympic Games.
- Women’s basketball was added to the Olympics in 1976 Montreal Olympics.
- In 1989, FIBA dropped the distinction between amateur and professional players.
- The only member of both the football and basketball hall of fame is Cal Hubbard.
- Michael Jordan became popular when he scored 16 points while playing for the Chicago Bulls. He scored more points (5,987) in the playoffs than any other player by the time of his retirement.
Read about other games