SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD- MAN MADE MARVELSSeven wonders of the world can be classified into two types
- 1. Seven wonders of the modern world
- 2. seven wonders of the ancient world
But here i thought it will be apt to talk about the seven wonders of the ancient world since this site pertains to historical reviews.
The seven wonders of the ancient world are
- 1. Great pyramids of Giza
- 2. Hanging gardens of Babylon
- 3. Colossus of rhodes
- 4. Lighthouse of Alexandria
- 5. Temple of Artemis
- 6. Statue of Zeus at Olympia
- 7. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The seven wonders of the ancient world show to us how a man can achieve things even without the help of modern machinery. Sheer hard word by many people over many years have got to this world these wonders which have to be very well appreciated by us in the modern world. But it also shows the destructive character of human beings and that of nature because of which we had to loose most of the wonders of the world. But never the less it is a real marvel which will be appreciated even by the future generations.
The seven wonders of the ancient world are known as thematic – greek meaning is things to be seen. This definition was given by Philo of Byzantium in 225 BC. The other writers who contributed to the seven wonders of the ancient world are Herodotus, Callimachus of Cyrene and Antipater of Sidon.
Initially, it was the greek travellers who mentioned about these seven wonders of the ancient world. These greek travelers had traveled to many places like Egypt Babylon and Persia. They were marvelled by some of the regions they visited. But there were many things to be marveled. But they wanted to write down what among them was the most marvelous and wonderful one. So they decided to list the top seven. There started the seven wonders of the ancient world
So here I am giving you all the details of these wonders of the world as per my knowledge.
PYRAMIDS OF GIZA
The pyramids of Giza are in Egypt. This is one wonder of the ancient world that has survived till date and is listed among one of the modern wonders of the world. These pyramids are built on the bank of the river Nile along its west bank North of Cairo. It is one of the tallest construction made my man of those days. Only in the nineteenth century was a man able to make a structure taller than this. These tombs were made without the aid of machinery.
These pyramids are actually royal tombs. They were built for the pharaohs, their consorts, and their children.
The most important among these pyramids are
1. Pyramid of Khufu
2. Pyramid of Khafre
3. Pyramid of Menkaure
All are named after the respective rulers who built these pyramids. Among these pyramids, the pyramid of Khufu is the biggest. The architect of the great pyramid of Khufu is Khufu’s vizier, Hemon, or Hemiunu.
It is the largest among all the pyramids of Egypt. It is believed to have been built over a year of 20 years and almost 100000 men worked on it.
Each base side was 440 cubits, 230.4 metres (755.9 ft) long. Its original height was 146.5 m. But now its height is 138.8 m. Its volume is 2,500,000 cubic metres. The pyramid’s workmanship is highly accurate. The Great Pyramid’s core is made of yellowish limestone blocks, the outer casing (now almost completely gone) and the inner passages are of finer light-coloured limestone, and the interior burial chamber is built of huge blocks of granite. Approximately 2.3 million blocks of stone were cut. The four sides of the base have an average error of only 58 millimetres in length. The base is horizontal and flat to within ±15 mm (0.6 in). The sides of the square base are closely aligned to the four cardinal compass points (within four minutes of arc)] based on true north, not magnetic north,and the finished base was squared to a mean corner error of only 12 seconds of arc.
The entrance to the Great Pyramid is on the north side, about 59 feet (18 metres) above ground level. A sloping corridor descends from it through the pyramid’s interior masonry, penetrates the rocky soil on which the structure rests, and ends in an unfinished underground chamber. From the descending corridor branches an ascending passageway that leads to a room known as the Queen’s Chamber and to a great slanting gallery that is 151 feet (46 metres) long. At the upper end of this gallery, a long and narrow passage gives access to the burial room proper, usually termed the King’s Chamber. This room is entirely lined and roofed with granite. From the chamber, two narrow shafts run obliquely through the masonry to the exterior of the pyramid.
Surrounding the three pyramids are extensive fields of flat-topped funerary structures called mastabas; arranged in a grid pattern, the mastabas were used for the burials of relatives or officials of the kings. Besides the core mastabas of the 4th dynasty, numerous mastabas from the 5th and 6th dynasties (c.2465–c. 2150 bce) have been found around and among the earlier structures.
In the late 1980s and ’90s, excavations in the environs of the pyramids revealed labourers’ districts that included bakeries, storage areas, workshops, and the small tombs of workers and artisans. Mud sealings seem to date the workshop areas to the late 4th dynasty. The tombs range from simple mud-brick domes to more elaborate stone monuments. Statuettes were found within some of the structures; hieroglyphic inscriptions on tomb walls occasionally identify the deceased
List of pyramids
Although these three were the main pyramids many small pyramids were found in Egypt. The original pyramid was made of stone but in later days many were made of mudstone. Some of the other pyramids of Egypt were
- Djoser 2667-2648 bc
- Sekhemkhet 2648-2640 bc
- Teti 2345-2323 bc
- Userkaf 2494-2487 bc
- Djedkara 2414-22375 bc
- Unas 2375-2345 bc
- Pepy I 2321-2287 bc
- Merenra 2287-2278 bc
- Pepy II 2278-2184 bc
- Khendjer 13th Dynasty
- Sneferu 2613-2589 bc
- The Bent Pyramid &
- the Red Pyramid
- Amenemhet II 1922-1878 bc
- Amenemhet II 1922-1878 bc
- Senusret III 1874-1855 bc Amenemhet III 1855-1808 bc
- Sahura 2487-2475 bc
- Neferirkara 2475-2455 bc
- Raneferef 2448-2445 bc
- Nyuserra 2445-2421 bc#
These are a few of the other pyramids but much more exists in Egypt