Maldives island location
The Maldives island now just called as the Maldives is a group of small islands in the Indian ocean about 671 km south-west of Srilanka. It has an area of 90000 sq km. It’s mainly a group of 26 coral atolls. The atolls spread from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll in the north to the Addu Atoll in the south.With global warming, these islands are threatened. These islands are not more than 6 km above sea level. So with an increase in the world’s temperature, the polar ice caps are melting and there is a rise in the sea level. Maldive islands being at a very low level has the risk of being totally getting submerged under water. They are called as coral islands because they are sheathed with those reefs. But one advantage with these reefs is that prevent major storms occurring on this island
There is a total of 1190 small island in the 26 atolls out of which only 198 are inhabited. In very old islands a layer of soil is formed. In such islands, they grow coconuts bananas and shrubs. But agricultural yield is very poor here because of the high alkanality of the soil. But people grow fruits and vegetables here.
Maldives island origin of its name
The island must have got its name from the languages of the nearby regions. In Tamil, malaitheevu means a garland of island in Malayalam it’s called maladweepu and in Sinhalese, its called as maala divaina. All have the same meaning garland of island. In due course of time, it must have been called as Maldives island. The people of Maldives island are called dhivehins
Maldives island climate
The climate is warm and tropical. Seasonal changes depend on upon the two monsoon winds. Southwest monsoon wind extends from May to August and it brings heavy shower and wind. The Northeast monsoon is mild and extends from December to April. The north part of the island is warmer and the south is wetter. Generally, it is humid throughout the year.
Maldives island government
It has a republic form of government. Male is the capital and the largest city of Maldives.
Maldives island history
Maldive island first occupied by the Buddhist travellers namely the Kalingas from India. In olden days Maldives was very popular because it was a popular land in the sea route to the Indian ocean. Also, it was the nearest neighbour of India and Srilanka and both the countries patronaged it well.
But later due to colonisation the sea route was taken over by many countries first the Portuguese then the Dutch and French and this had an effect on Maldives. Finally, Maldive came under the British protection for many years. It got independence from British on 26th July 1965. But the British maintained an airbase on the north atoll for many years. In 1976 the British totally moved out of Maldives.
The growth and development of Maldives are greatly limited because they are dependent on fishing and tourism only.
Maldives island people
The population of Maldives is 195000 in 1986, 256157 in 1996 and 289117 in 2000. The rate of growth of population per year is 3%. Half the population is less than 15 years and only 3% more than 65 years. The male population is more than female. The population is high in its capital city Male due to job opportunities. Rarely people travel outside the island in search of job except for education and people working in ships
Maldives island – language
The language spoken in Maldives is Divehi. It’s not spoken in any other part of the world. It’s an Indo-European language similar to Sinhalese the language of Srilanka. The writings are similar to Arabic.
Maldives island – religion
Initially, the place was settled by the Buddhist and Hindus of India. But later with Arab invasion, Islam came into existence. Now the people there are fully Sunni Muslims. They could not be converted to Christianity even when the Portuguese ruled them.
Now the only religion they practice is Islam. Only Muslims are allowed to marry buy properties and are offered jobs. The widespread belief in jinns,or evil spirits, has resulted in a blending of Islam with traditional island beliefs into a magico-religious system known asfandita.
The political leaders are their religious leaders only. The president is the primary religious leader. The judges of the court of law are called gazis.
Holidays are based on the Islam lunar calendar. The main mosque in that place is the Grand Friday Mosque. Other than that there are twenty mosques scattered around the Male city.
In addition, each of the islands has a mosque. In Male, there is a graveyard of Abu Al Barakat. He got koran to Maldives and also was the first sultan of Maldives
Their religious belief is similar to other Muslim states. They believe in heaven and hell and also believe that “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah”; fast during the month of Ramadan; pray five times every day; give alms to the poor; and, if possible, make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca sometime during their lifetime.
Maldives island role of male and female
Male are mostly employed in a government job. Only 25% women are given government jobs. Women mostly are employed in domestic work such as handicraft and coir industry and also for collecting cowrie shells. The economic sectors in which women are employed are education, health, and welfare, services, tourism, transport, and communication.
Maldives island education
Primary level education is for five years and secondary education is in two stages: five years at the lower level and two years at the higher level. Education is not compulsory. There are three streams of Maldivian education: traditional religious schools (makhtabs), which teach the Koran, basic arithmetic, and the ability to read and write Divehi; modern Divehi-language primary schools; and modern English-language schools. Primary and secondary schooling is based on the British educational system.
The only university of Maldives is the Maldives National University. It was opened in 2011. Initially, it was called as the Maldives college of higher education. It’s the only university which gives a valid certificate for various degrees, diplomas and other courses in the field of engineering health science, education, tourism, and management.
As the Maldives comprises more sea than land, it is only natural that fish (mainly tuna) have always been the most prominent element of Maldivian food. However, with travellers from different parts of the world, new seasonings and vegetables were introduced into the country and added to the existing (limited) repertoire of seafood and tubers (e.g. taro & sweet potato). Each new discovery was incorporated into the diet in quantities most palatable to Maldivians. Thus Maldivian cuisine now comprises Arabic, Indian, Sri Lanka and Oriental tastes blended into a unique cuisine that embodies a culinary identity of its own.
Thus their staple food is fish which is a rich source of protein. Very few vegetables are eaten as it’s not available much. Chewing of betel leaf and areca nut after a meal is their usual practice. Meat and pork are taken on special occasions. Alcohol is not permitted but there is a local drink called toddy which has a somewhat sweet taste
Maldives Marriage and socialisation
The age of marriage in Maldives is eighteen but most of the woman get married at the age of 15 itself. Marriage is according to Islam law and a man can marry up to four wives provided he can maintain them financially. However, polygamy is rare. But the divorce rates are high in Maldives. Most of the women of Maldives would have married four times before they reach the age of 30. Sex before marriage is a punishable offence.
They usually stay in a nuclear family more than 80%. The oldest man is the head of the family. Unmarried people stay with their family rather than staying alone
Maldives island government
The legislative assembly is known as Majlis. It is made up of 50 members. Two members from Male, two from each of the 20 attols and eight selected by the president. The speaker is separately appointed by the president. Although all the members have the right to speak only elected members can vote. An election is held countrywide and people above the age of 21 can vote. The president is elected by secret ballot vote by the Majilis. The ministers and judges to the court are appointed by the president. The high court consists of one chief justice and four judges. The executive branch is divided into the president’s office, the attorney general’s office, and seventeen ministries and associated entities that implement government programs. The ministries of government, the attorney general’s office, and the high court all function under the president’s office. The current president is also the governor of the central bank. The government appoints an atoll chief who exercises the government power. Each island has an island chief appointed by the government who is the administrative head of the island. The atoll offices and the island offices come under the Ministry of Atoll Administration, which is responsible to the president.
Maldives island constitution
|No.||Constitution||Date ratified||Date abolished||Head of Government||Amendments||Notes|
|1||Constitution of the Maldives, 1932||22-12-1932||05-07-1934||Sultan Muhammad Shamsuddeen III||N/A||First constitution.|
|2||Constitution of the Maldives, 1934||05-07-1934||28-01-1937||Sultan Muhammad Shamsuddeen III||16-07-1936||To meet growing public demands.|
|3||Constitution of the Maldives, 1937||28-01-1937||30-01-1940||Sultan Hassan Nooraddeen II||–||the Amending entire 2nd constitution.|
|4||Constitution of the Maldives, 1942||23-04-1942||31-05-1951||Sultan Hassan Nooraddeen II||Yes||Reinitiated constitutional system.|
|5||Constitution of the Maldives, 1942||31-05-1951||1953||Sultan Hassan Nooraddeen II||–|
|6||Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, 1954||1953||31-01-1954||President Mohamed Amin Didi||–|
|7||Constitution of the Maldives, 1954||07-03-1954||14-06-1964||Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi||–|
|8||Constitution of the Maldives, 1964||14-06-1964||10-06-1967||Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi||–||Major amend.|
|9||Constitution of the Maldives, 1967||10-07-1967||11-11-1968||Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi||–||Major amend.|
|10||Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, 1968||11-11-1968||27-11-1998||President Ibrahim Nasir||23-04-1970
|11||Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, 1997||27-11-1997||07-08-2008||President Maumoon Abdul Gayyoom||1|