Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, or simply lotus, is one of two species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae.Lotus flower is one of the most Beautiful Flower in India.The lotus flower is a very popular tattoo. It is a symbol of awakening to the spiritual reality of life in Hinduism and Buddhism. Though the meaning varies a little between religions, both traditions place importance on it. They are very popular for people who’ve had tough times in their life and are finally coming out of it.The beautiful and fragrant Lotus flower opens in the morning and petals fall in the afternoon.
- Kingdom Plantae
- Division Magnoliophyta
- Class Magnoliopsida
- Order Proteales
- Family Nelumbonaceae
- Genus Nelumbo
History of the Lotus Flower
Back in Egyptians times, the lotus flower was very important in their religion. Meaning creation and rebirth, it was a symbol of the sun, because at nightfall it closes and goes beneath the water and at dawn it climbs up above the water and reopens. It was the only plant to flower and fruit at the same time, as it would emerge as pure white from the depths of the muddy swamp and grow above the water. One myth that revolves around the lotus is during creation time a giant lotus flower grew out of a pond and from it the sun rose. Also, throughout ancient Egypt the lotus has been pictured in various works of art. It would act as a border to outline a section of artwork, or held in the hands of a god or human. The lotus was also used in their math, helping to count to high decrees. One lotus would act as 1,000 and two lotus as 2,000 and so on.
Lotuses are found in white and pink colors in general and they grow in shallow and murky waters. Lotus flowers enjoy warm sunlight and are intolerant to cold weather. This is why the Lotus is not seen blossoming in the winter. The floating leaves and Lotus flowers have long stems, which contain air spaces to maintain the buoyancy. The Lotus is native to Asia and flourishes in a wide range of climates from India to China.
How to plant a Lotus
Lotus Plant Care In India
- The Lotus plant should be fertilized sparingly for the first year.
- Too much fertilizer may cause the Lotus foliage to burn.
- A Lotus plant that is established can be fed every 3 or 4 weeks during the growing season.
- Care must be taken when inserting fertilizer tabs, because the growing tip and new growth can be damaged.
- It is important to protect the Lotus roots from freezing.
- Lotus can winter over in the pond if the pond depth is below the freeze line for your area.
- In late fall, the yellowed foliage should be cut off and the plant lowered to the deepest part of the pond.
- Or you may lift the tubers after the plant has died back during the fall.
- If you lift the tubers, store them in a cool, frost-free location until late spring.
- To help prevent mildew and rotting, store them in living sphagnum moss.
IMPORTANT things to remember…
- Lotus need 6 hours sun a day.
- Keep Lotus away from flowing water or fountains.
- Don’t allow your pot or bowl to freeze solid in winter.
- Don’t submerge the growing leaves.
- Re-pot your lotus in a larger container.
- Protect your young lotus from birds & crustaceans.
- Fertilize in summer.
Dams and Lakes
This is the most successful way to grow lotus. If the plant has the room to expand and spread, they will flower from December to early April.There are two ways you can plant your lotus in a dam or lake:
- Cut 150mm piece out of the side of the nursery pot, NOT THE BOTTOM. Then place the plant in a sunny in 30-50cm of still water near the edge of your dam. Push some mud from the dam against the side of the pot where section has been removed.
- Take lotus out of nursery pot very carefully trying not to disturb the roots. Place in a sunny spot in 30-50cm of still water near the edge of the dam. Push mud from dam around the plant.
Facts about Lotus Flowers
- The Lotus is a sacred flower for Buddhists.
- The Lotus flower is quoted extensively in Puranic and Vedic literature.
- The Lotus is one of the eight auspicious signs of Buddhism – an eight petalled lotus used in Buddhist mandalas symbolizes cosmic harmony, a thousand petalled Lotus, spiritual illumination. A bud symbolizes potential. The well-known Buddhist mantra, “Om mane padme,” refers to the jewel in the lotus, enlightenment.
- In Egyptian mythology, the Lotus is associated with the sun, because it bloomed by day and closed by night. The Lotus is even believed to have given birth to the sun.
- The roots of the Lotus are planted in the soil of the pond or river bottom, while the leaves float on top of the water surface. The Lotus flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the water.
- The Lotus flowers, seeds, young leaves and rhizomes are all edible. In Asia, the petals are sometimes used for garnish, while the large leaves are used as a wrap for food.
- Various parts of the sacred Lotus are also used in traditional Asian herbal medicine.
- The Lotus fruits are a conical pod with seeds contained in holes in the pod. Nucifera means having hard fruit. When the seeds are ripe, they become loose in the pod. The pod then tips down towards the water, releasing the seeds.
- When the Lotus flower’s petals fall, they are replaced by a flat-topped seed pod divided into compartments, resembling a wasp’s hive. The tender seeds are munched happily in north-east India.
- The Lotus stem is eaten almost in all parts of India, and pickled too.
- Nelumbium lutetium is the American Lotus, with pale, small flowers.
- The Indian or Chinese Lotus, nelumbium nelumbo, usually has pink flowers although white, rose and double varieties are available.
Use of Leaves
- The leaves are bitter , cooling and diuretic. Useful in burning sensation , hyperdipsia , fever , haemorrhoids and leprosy. Prolapse of
- Prolapse of rectum : Tender leaves of lotus plant mixed with sugar are given.Threatened abortion : Leaves of lotus and blue lotus mixed with honey and sugar , taken with milk are useful .
- Threatened abortion : Leaves of lotus and blue lotus mixed with honey and sugar , taken with milk are useful .
Use of Lotus Flower
- These are sweet , astringent , refrigerant and cardiotonic . Useful in diarrhoea , fever , hepatopathy , hyperdipsia , internal injuries , bronchitis , vitiated conditions of pitta .
- Diarrhoea with blood : Goat’s milk processed with lotus , utpala (Nymphoea nouchali Burm) and lajjalu ( Mimosa pudica ) mixed with honey and sugar is used for drinking , eating and sprinkling .
- Dysuria : Decoction of lotus ,utpala (Nymphoea nouchali Burm) , shringataka ( Trapa bispinosa ) is helpful .
- Eye diseases : Cow’s milk boiled with lotus , instilled in eyes removes redness , haemorrhage , pain , wound , inflammation .
- Rich in antioxidants, the fragrant Nelumbo nucifera acts as a skin conditioner.Its properties intensely hydrates and moistures the skin and helps in increasing skin elasticity and complexion, erasing fine lines, fading brown spots and wrinkles.Many cosmetic and skin care products use nelumbo nucifera as their leading ingredients. It provides instant hydration to the skin. So, if you feel your skin is flaky and dry then use this herbal hydration to get that enviable glow.
Nelumbo nucifera’s external use can balance your oily skin and prevent acne and pimple breakouts. It is used to make perfume, and its oil is used in aromatherapy—the effective way to unwind and give your skin the time to rejuvenate.
Use of Seed
- It is nutritious , sweet , cold , unctuous , astringent ,aphrodisiac , helpful during pregnancy , in clotting of blood .
- It is used as a food .
- In cough caused by pitta , one should use powder of lotus seeds mixed with honey .
- Its gruel is useful in vomiting , hiccough and leucorrhoea
Use of Root
- Lotus root cooked in oil with cow’s urine should be used in retention of urine associated with severe pain .
National Flower of India
Choice of Lotus As National Flower
The Lotus Flower symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge and enlightenment. It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to re germinate for thousands of years. Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune. Untouched by the impurity despite growing in mud, the flower is also meant to symbolize the purity of heart and mind. It holds additional significance for Hindus, as it is regarded as the symbol of many Gods and Goddesses and is often used in religious practices. It was because of these noble meanings and cultural significance that made the founding fathers of modern India enshrine the lotus in the Constitution as the National Flower.
Cultural Significance of Lotus
From ancient times the lotus has been considered to be a sacred symbol in Asian traditions representing sexual purity. It is also regarded as the symbol of purity and divinity by several religions. Hindus relate it to their Almighty, Vishnu, Brahma, Lakshmi and Sarasvati who are often depicted sitting upon this pious flower. As Lotus also stands as the symbol of divine beauty, it is used as a symbol to describe the beauty of Lord Vishnu by referring him as the ‘Lotus-Eyed One’. In the Hindu Mythology, the unfolding petals of Lotus signify the expansion of the soul. As the Lotus carries piousness despite growing from the mud, it is said to represent a caring spiritual promise. The Buddhists consider the Lotus Flower to be sacred and auspicious as the flower stands for faithfulness in their religion. The lotus plant has also been cited as a sacred flower extensively in the ancient Puranic and Vedic literature.
- Apart from India, Lotus is also the national flower of Vietnam.
- In Egypt the Lotus Flowers are considered to auspicious because they are regarded as the symbol of Sun God.
- Lotus seeds are medicinal in nature and are used for the treatment of kidney, spleen, and heart ailments. They are also considered beneficial in the treatment of Leucorrhea, palpitation and insomnia.
- Lotus seeds are also used as antidotes in mushroom poisoning.
- The seeds, leaves and tubers of the Lotus Flower are edible.
Love this Flower you’ve got to let Grow…………