Tuesday, 19th June 2018
19 June 2018
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Cardiovascular Disease list

Cardiovascular Disease list 

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  1. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
  2. Cigarette Smoking
  3. Lipid Disorders
  4. Hypertension
  5. Chemoprevention

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta is the largest blood vessel in the human body. It carries blood from your heart up to your head and arms and down to your abdomen, legs, and pelvis. The walls of the aorta can swell or bulge out like a small balloon if they become weak. This is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm (Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm) when it happens in the part of the aorta that’s in your abdomen.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm don’t always cause problems, but a ruptured aneurysm can be life-threatening. Therefore, if you’re diagnosed with an aneurysm, your doctor will probably want to monitor you closely, even if they don’t intervene right away.

Cigarette Smoking

Cigarette smoking remains the most important cause of preventable morbidity and early mortality. In 2010 there were an estimated 6.3 million premature deaths in the world attributable to smoking and tobacco use.

Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. This is nearly one in five deaths.

Smoking causes more deaths each year than the following causes combined:

  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Illegal drug use
  • Alcohol use
  • Motor vehicle injuries
  • Firearm-related incidents

More than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States.

Smoking causes about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer deaths.More women die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.

Smoking causes about 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Cigarette smoking increases risk for death from all causes in men and women.

The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years in the U.S.

Lipid Disorders 

Cholesterol and triglycerides are important fats (lipids) in the blood. Cholesterol is an essential component of cell membranes, brain and nerve cells, and bile, which helps the body absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. The body uses cholesterol to make vitamin D and various hormones, such as estrogen, testosterone, and cortisol. The body can produce all the cholesterol that it needs, but it also obtains cholesterol from food. Triglycerides, which are contained in fat cells, can be broken down, then used to provide energy for the body’s metabolic processes, including growth. Triglycerides are produced in the intestine and liver from smaller fats called fatty acids. Some types of fatty acids are made by the body, but others must be obtained from food.

Hypertension

Over 67 million adults in the United States have hypertension, representing 29% of the adult US population.Hypertension in nearly half of these adults is not controlled. In 2011-2012 in the US, about a third of all people over the age of 20 years had hypertension, based on high blood pressure assessments and the number of people taking antihypertensive medications.Control of hypertension has become a key national priority in the US as part of the Million Hearts initiative from the Department of Health and Human Services, which aims to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes in the US by 2017.

Chemoprevention

Chemoprevention is the use of medication to lower the risk or prevent cancer in healthy people.  Some chemoprevention medications reduce breast cancer risk. However, just how well these drugs perform in high-risk women depends on each woman’s individual level of risk. Many past studies of these medications focused on women in the general population or women whose risk for breast cancer was based on the Gail Model, a risk assessment tool, therefore the research may not apply to everyone with hereditary cancer risk. When choosing the best risk management option for yourself, you need a clear sense of your risk (a health care team with expertise in managing high-risk patients can help you identify this) and an understanding of the potential benefits and side effects of chemopreventive medications.

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