IAS Exam Previous Year Question Papers
IAS Officers Responsibility
The IAS officer is responsible for the government affairs and working in the areas of farming, implementation of the policy under the consultation of the minister.
To implement the policies, supervise and to be present in the different places where the decided policies are been implemented.
The officers are also entitled to answer the state legislatures and parliament if there are any irregularities occurring in the area of the respective IAS officer.
The IAS officer is also responsible for keeping a track of expenditure as they are answerable to the parliament and state legislatures.
At the first stage of joining the IAS officer joints the job at the post of sub-divisional level’s as sub-divisional magistrate
And here the power is to handle the development work of the area under their control and also to they have the authority to look after the law and order is maintained.
The next level is when the IAS officer is posted at the district level known as the district magistrate, deputy officer they are mainly responsible and have the power to conduct such programs that will lead to the development of the district in charge .
The IAS also serve at the post of state secretariat or they also serve as the head of a PSU public sector unit.
And at the central level, the IAS is posted as the Cabinet Secretary Additional Secretary, Joint Secretary and also as the Deputy Secretary and Under Secretary. They have the power to formulate policies and implement them regarding the commerce and finance.
IAS Mains 2015 : General Studies Paper – I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
Question1.The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt , Mesopotamia, and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without breakdown to the present day.
Question2. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment.
Question3. How difficult would have been the achievement of Indian independence without Mahatma Gandhi?
Question4. Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B R Ambedkar, despite having divergent approaches and strategies, had a common goal of amelioration of the downtrodden.
Question5. It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years, but its experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935 .
Question6. Why did the industrial revolution first occur in England? Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. How does it compare with that in India at present times?
Question7. To what extent can Germany be held responsible for causing the two World Wars?
Question8. Describe any four cultural elements of diversity in India and rate their relative significance in building a national identity.
Question9. Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the mains cause of population increase in India.
Question10. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favorable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?
Question11. Discuss the changes in the trends of labor migration within and outside India in the last four decades.
Question12. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India?
Question13. Debate the issue whether and how contemporary movements for an assertion of Dalit identity work towards the annihilation of caste.
Question14. Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing, and navigation?
Question15. Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata are the three Megacities of the country but the air pollution is the much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?
Question16. India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.
Question17. The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of ecological carrying capacity due to tourism.
Question18. How far do you agree that the behavior of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscape?
Question19. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural-urban integration.
Question20. What are the economic significances of a discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?
Part – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Question1. Discuss the possible factors that inhibit India from enacting for its citizen a uniform civil code as provided for in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
Question2. The concept of cooperative federalism has been increasingly emphasized in recent years. Highlight the drawbacks in the existing structure and extent to which cooperative federalism would answer the shortcomings.
Question3. In the absence of well – educated and organized local level government system, Panchayats and Samitis have remained mainly political institutions and not the effective instrument of governance.
Question4. Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra – constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human right violations. Discuss critically the actions were taken by the legislative, executive and judiciary to set the things right in this regard.
Question5. Resorting to ordinances has always raised concern on violation of the spirit of separation of power doctrine. While noting the rationales justifying the power to promulgate, analyze whether the decision of the Supreme Court on the issue have further facilitated to resorting to this power. Should the power to promulgate the ordinances be repealed?
Question6. What are the major changes brought in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1966 through the recent ordinance promulgated by the President? How far will it improve India’s dispute resolution mechanism?
Question7. Does the right to clean environment entail legal regulation on burning crackers during Diwali?
Question8. Examine critically the recent changes in the rule governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1976.
Question9. The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Program (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation , has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment program.
Question10. How can be the role of NGOs be strengthened in India for development works relating to the protection of the Environment?
Question11. The quality of higher education in India requires major improvement to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of technical and higher education in the country?
Question12. The public health system has the limitation in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that private sector can help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives do you suggest?
Question13. Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate the reduction in poverty over time.
Question14. In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in the corporate governance to ensure transparency and accountability.
Question15. If amendment bill to the Whistleblowers Protection Act 2011 tabled in the Parliament is passed, there maybe no on left to protect.
Question16. For achieving the desired objectives,it is necessary to ensure that the regulatory institution remains independent and autonomous. Discuss in the light of experiences in recent past.
Question17. The increasing interest of India in Africa has its pro and cons.
Question18. Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UNSC.
Question19. Project ‘Mausam’ is considered a unique foreign policy initiative of the Indian government to improve relationship wit its neighbors. Does the project have a strategic dimension?
Question20. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India – Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchange could help generate goodwill between the two countries.
Part – III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Question1.The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as a jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favor of your answer.
Question2. Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing on- farm employment and income in rural areas.
Question3. In the view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture on – viable for a majority of farmers should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? critically evaluate the pros and cons.
Question4. How can the Digital India program help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What step has the government taken in this regard?
Question5. In what way could replacement of price subsidy with direct benefit Transfer (DBT) change the scenario of subsidies in India?
Question6. What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming this bottleneck?
Question7. The craze for gold in Indian has led to the surge in import of gold in recent years and put pressure on the balance of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of Gold Monetization scheme.
Question8. “Success of make in India program depends on the success of Skill India program and radical labor reforms.” Discuss with logical arguments.
Question9. To what factors can be the recent dramatic fall in equipment cost and tariff of solar energy be attributed? What implications does the trend have for thermal power producers and related industry?
Question10. There is a clear acknowledgment that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing, and exports. Recognizing this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs require augmentation. Discuss the issue plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration.
Question11. What do you understand by “Standard Positioning System” and “Precision positioning system” in the GPS era?
Question12. What are the areas of prohibitive labor that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the initiatives that can propel the research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation.
Question13. Discuss the advantage and security implication of cloud hosting of the servers vis-a-vis in-house machine based hosting for government business.
Question14. India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) which has a database containing formatted information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations is proving a powerful weapon in country’s fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pro and cons of making the database available publicly available under open source licensing.
Question15. Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programs and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs?
Question16. The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps.
Question17. Human right activists constantly highlight the fact that the Armed forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) is a draconian act leading to cases of human right abuses by security forces. What sections of AFSPA are opposed by the activists?
Question18. Religious indoctrination via social media has resulted in Indian youth joining the ISIS. What are ISIS and its mission? How can ISIS be dangerous to the internal security of our country?
Question19. The persisting drives of the government for development of large industries in backward areas have resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multiple displacements. With Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss the corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) doctrine affected citizens back into the mainstream of social and economic growth.
Question20. Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the country, India needs a “Digital Armed Forces” to prevent crimes. Critically evaluate the National Cyber Security Policy, 2013 outlining the challenges perceived in its effective implementation.
All the Best