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23 June 2018
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Goddess Saraswathi

Goddess Saraswathi

Goddess Saraswathi is the first goddess of the three great Hindu goddesses. She is the wife of lord Brahma the creator of the universe. Goddess Saraswathi is the goddess of learning, virtue and wisdom. People pray to her to get good knowledge and to succeed in any work they begin. Saraswati is said to possess the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. Saraswati is regarded as the dispeller of chaos and confusion.

Birth of goddess saraswathi

When lord Brahma started creating the world there was total chaos and he did not know how to correct it. He thought there was no way. At that time he heard a voice saying,” Why there is no way everything can be set right with knowledge”. When lord Brahma was wondering who was giving him that instruction Goddess Saraswathi came out from his mouth dresed in white in a white swan with the veena in one hand and the vedas in the other hand. In her third hand she had the sacred mala and with the fourth hand she was playing the veena.

The music of the veena was so soothing and gave Brahma the mind to set thing right and everything started taking shape. Chaos changed into creation; the sun, the moon, and the stars were born. The oceans filled and seasons changed. The joyous Brahma then named Saraswati, Vagdevi, the goddess of speech and sound. Thus Brahma became the creator of the world with Saraswati as his source of wisdom.

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The sound of mantras filled the universe with vital energy, or prana. The cosmos acquired a structure: the sky dotted with stars rose to form the heavens; the sea sank into the abyss below, the earth stood in between.

Gods became lords of the celestial spheres; demons ruled the nether regions, humans walked on earth. The sun rose and set, the moon waxed and waned, the tide flowed and ebbed. Seasons changed, seeds germinated, plants bloomed and withered, animals migrated and reproduced as randomness gave way to the rhythm of life.

Thus goddess Saraswathi was the first of the creations of lord Brahma.

Goddess Saraswathi’s marriage with lord Brahma

Lord Brahma then started looking at goddess Saraswathi and was stunned by her beauty. He continued gazing at her. Goddess asked him not to look like that and flew to his right. To see her he created a head on his right side simlarly he made heads in all directions to continue looking at the beautiful goddess.

Then the goddess turned into a cow and tried running away from lord Brahma but he took the shape of a bull. Likewise the goddess asumed the form of many beasts and birds to escape form the gaze of lord Brahma but each time the lord took the shape of the male counterpart and started chasing her. But in no form could he catch up with the goddess for she was so swift. Thus she got the name of Satharupa which means many forms.

Angered by his display of unbridled passion Saraswati cursed Brahma, “You have filled the world with longing that is the seed of unhappiness. You have fettered the soul in the flesh. You are not worthy of reverence. May there be hardly any temple or festival in your name.”

Image result for goddess saraswati with brahma

So it came to pass that there are only two temples of Brahma in India; one at Pushkar, Rajistan and the other in Kumbhakonam, Tamil Nadu.

Undaunted by the curse, Brahma continued to cast his lustful looks upon Saraswati. He gave himself a fifth head to enhance his gaze.

Finally the goddess went to lord Shiva for help and angered by Brahma’s action Shiva severed off his fifth head.

Brahma, sobered by his encounter with the Lord of terror sought an escape from the maze of his own desire. Saraswati revealed to him the doctrine for his own liberation.

Brahma sought to conduct a yagna, fire sacrifice, to cleanse himself and start anew. In order to conduct a yagna ritual the assistance of a wife is needed. Brahma chose Saraswati to be his wife and thus they were reconciled.

The image of Goddess Saraswathi

Goddess Saraswathi is usally depicted as a yellow skinned beautiful maiden wearing a white or yellow saree. She usally sits on a white swan or a stone of knowledge or a white lotus. This symbolizes that she is grounded in absolute truth and has pure knowledge.She has four hands and in each hand she has different items. Saraswati wears neither jewels or paints herself with bright colors.  Her four arms represent mind, intellect, intelligence, and ego. They also represent the 4 Vedas, the most sacred books of Hindus.

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Meaning of the things in her hand

  • white lotus – the supreme reality and it suggests that the goddess herself is rooted in the supreme reality.
  • white saree – white represents purity and her rejection of everything that is base and materialistic.
  • white swan – symbolizing Sattwa Guna or purity and discrimination.
  • veena – represents her perfection in all arts in sciences.
  • sacred pearl mala –  the power of spirituality.
  • vedas – signifies the eternal and universal knowledge as well her perfection of the scriptures.
  • peacock by her side – represents arrogance and pride over its beauty. The Goddess teaches that physical appearance could be deceptive, by not taking peacock as the vehicle.

Why people pray to goddess Saraswathi

Saraswati is believed to be the provider of knowledge that dispels ignorance and unhappiness. Saraswati is worshipped by seekers of knowledge especially students, scholars and scientists.

Students worship the goddess to perform well in exam. Telling the mantra of goddess Saraswathy before the exams actually makes them remember whatever they have learnt.

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Goddess Saraswati is said to possess the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. Saraswati is regarded as the dispeller of chaos and confusion.

She is the mother of the Vedas, and chants to her, called the ‘Saraswati Vandana’ often begin and end Vedic lessons.

Festivals for Goddess Saraswati

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  1. Ayudha pooja
  2. Vasanth Panchami

Read about them in detail in our related posts

Temples of goddess Saraswathi

There is not many temples for lord Brahma and his consort Goddess Saraswati. This is because of a curse given to them by the sage Dhurvasar. Once the sage came to meet the lord and his wife to their abord satyalok. The goddess was playing the veena and the lord was listening to it. They both we so much involved in the music that they failed to notice the sage calling to them. This angered the sage and he cursed both of them that they would never have any temples in earth. But recent days there are few temple for the goddess more than the lord.

Image result for goddess saraswati temple

Here is a list of the saraswathi temples

  1. Saraswati Temple at Basar at Andhra
  2. Aksharabhyasam at Basara Temple
  3. Panachikkad Saraswathi Temple in kerala
  4. Shri Saraswati Temple at Pushkar, Rajasthan
  5. Saraswati temple at BITS Pilani campus
  6. Maha Saraswathi in Kaleswaram
  7. Shri Vidya Saraswathi in Wargal
  8. Saraswati in Kuthanur Tamilnadu
  9. Shri Saraswathi Kshetramu in Andhra
  10. Prouda Saraswathi in Kashmir (POK)

  11. Sarada Devi in Sringeri

  12. Saraswathy temple in Thiruvarur Tamilnadu
  13. Saraswathi temple in Kumbakonam Tamilnadu
  14. Saraswathy temple in Mugaliwakkam Chennai Tamilnadu

108 names of goddess Saraswathi

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1 Om Sarasvatyai Namaha
2 Om Mahabhadrayai Namaha
3 Om Mahamayayai Namaha
4 Om Varapradayai Namaha
5 Om Shripradaayai Namaha
6 Om Padmanilayayai Namaha
7 Om Padmaakshyai Namaha
8 Om Padmavaktrakayai Namaha
9 Om Shivanujaayai Namaha
10 Om Pustakabhrite Namaha
11 Om Gyanamudrayai Namaha
12 Om Ramayai Namaha
13 Om Parayai Namaha
14 Om Kamarupayai Namaha
15 Om Mahavidyayai Namaha
16 Om Mahapataka nashinyai Namaha
17 Om Mahashrayayai Namaha
18 Om Malinyai Namaha
19 Om Mahabhogayai Namaha
20 Om Mahabhujayai Namaha
21 Om Mahabhagayai Namaha
22 Om Mahotsahayai Namaha
23 Om Divyangayai Namaha
24 Om Suravanditayai Namaha
25 Om Mahakalyai Namaha
26 Om Mahapashayai Namaha
27 Om Mahakarayai Namaha
28 Om Mahankushayai Namaha
29 Om Pitayai Namaha
30 Om Vimalayai Namaha
31 Om Vishvayai Namaha
32 Om Vidyunmalayai Namaha
33 Om Vaishnavyai Namaha
34 Om Chandrikayai Namaha
35 Om Chandravadanayai Namaha
36 Om Chandralekhavibhushitayai Namaha
37 Om Savityai Namaha
38 Om Surasayai Namaha
39 Om Devyai Namaha
40 Om Divyalankarabhushitayai Namaha
41 Om Vagdevyai Namaha
42 Om Vasudayai Namaha
43 Om Tivrayai Namaha
44 Om Mahabhadrayai Namaha
45 Om Mahabalayai Namaha
46 Om Bhogadayai Namaha
47 Om Bharatyai Namaha
48 Om Bhamayai Namaha
49 Om Govindayai Namaha
50 Om Gomatyai Namaha
51 Om Shivayai Namaha
52 Om Jatilayai Namaha
53 Om Vindhyavasayai Namaha
54 Om Vindhyachalavirajitayai Namaha
55 Om Chandikayai Namaha
56 Om Vaishnavyai Namaha
57 Om Brahmayai Namaha
58 Om Brahmagyanaikasadhanayai Namaha
59 Om Saudamanyai Namaha
60 Om Sudhamurtyai Namaha
61 Om Subhadrayai Namaha
62 Om Surapujitayai Namaha
63 Om Suvasinyai Namaha
64 Om Sunasayai Namaha
65 Om Vinidrayai Namaha
66 Om Padmalochanayai Namaha
67 Om Vidyarupayai Namaha
68 Om Vishalakshyai Namaha
69 Om Brahmajayayai Namaha
70 Om Mahaphalayai Namaha
71 Om Trayimurtaye Namaha
72 Om Trikalagyayai Namaha
73 Om Trigunayai Namaha
74 Om Shastrarupinyai Namaha
75 Om Shambhasurapramathinyai Namaha
76 Om Shubhadayai Namaha
77 Om Svaratmikayai Namaha
78 Om Raktabijanihantryai Namaha
79 Om Chaamundayai Namaha
80 Om Ambikayai Namaha
81 Om Mundakayapraharanaayai Namaha
82 Om Dhumralochanamadanayai Namaha
83 Om Sarvadevastutayai Namaha
84 Om Saumyayai Namaha
85 Om Surasura namaskritayai Namaha
86 Om Kalaratryai Namaha
87 Om Kaladharayai Namaha
88 Om Rupasaubhagyadayinyai Namaha
89 Om Vagdevyai Namaha
90 Om Vararohayai Namaha
91 Om Varahyai Namaha
92 Om Varijasanayai Namaha
93 Om Chitrambarayai Namaha
94 Om Chitragandhayai Namaha
95 Om Chitramalyavibhushitayai Namaha
96 Om Kantayai Namaha
97 Om Kamapradayai Namaha
98 Om Vandyayai Namaha
99 Om Vidyadharasupujitayai Namaha
100 Om Shvetananayai Namaha
101 Om Nilabhujayai Namaha
102 Om Chaturvargaphalapradayai Namaha
103 Om Chaturanana samrajyayai Namaha
104 Om Raktamadhyayai Namaha
105 Om Niranjanayai Namaha
106 Om Hansasanayai Namaha


Om Nilajanghayai Namaha

Om Brahmavishnushivatmikayai Namaha

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