Monday, 23rd July 2018
23 July 2018

Day 31 – Lesson 15 – PG NEET Ophthalmology Mcqs – Retina

 Retina

  1. A 25year old male presents with painless sudden loss of vision, the systemic examination is normal. What is probable diagnosis
    1. Retinal detachment
    2. Eale’s disease
    3. Glaucoma
    4. Cataract
      1. Ans(2)
  2. A patient with 10 yr H/O diabetes and hypertension present with sudden onset painless visual loss in the right eye. In examination fellow eye fundus in normal. right eye shows a central bleeding spot. Diagnosis?
    1. Diabetic retinopathy
    2. Hypertensive retinopathy
    3. Retinal Tear
    4. OPtic neuritis
      1. Ans(1)
  3. True about following conditions is associated with the picture above:
    1. Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
    2. Retinoschisis
    3. Age-related macular degeneration
    4. Retinal detachment
      1. Ans(4)
  4. Treatment of choice in threshold ROP?
    1. photocoagulation
    2. Antioxidants
    3. Reduce amt of O2 delivery
    4. Retinal Reattachment
      1. Ans(1)
  5. The following is true
    1. The lesion is situated within the myelinated part of the optic disc
    2. They can be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
    3. Ultrasound is useful for diagnosis
    4. MRI is useful for diagnosis
      1. Ans(3)
  6. Autosomal dominant disease of macular dystrophy
    1. Best disease
    2. Blanchet
    3. Kornzweig’s
    4. Laurenea
      1. Ans(4)
  7. Visual loss can result from all except:
    1. Optic atrophy
    2. Papilloedema
    3. Venous occlusion
    4. Peripapillary choroidal neovascularization
      1. Ans(2)
  8. Causes of the cherry red spot in macular are A/E
    1. Niemann Pick
    2. GM1 Gangliosidosis
    3. Tay-Sachs
    4. Gaucher’s
      1. Ans(4)
  9. Ocular association include
    1. Lens coloboma
    2. Foveal hypoplasia
    3. Serous macular detachment
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(4)
  10. Arden ratio
    1. AEOG
    2. ERG
    3. VER
    4. Perimetry
      1. Ans(1)
  11. Conditions associated with the picture include all except:
    1. Trisomy 22
    2. Trisomy 21
    3. Trisomy 18
    4. Trisomy 13
      1. Ans(2)
  12. Weiss reflex is seen in:
    1. Posterior vitreous detachment
    2. retinal detachment
    3. Retinitis pigmentosa
    4. Retinoschisis
      1. Ans(1)
  13. In Stickler’s syndrome: Flash is:
    1. Is an autosomal recessive disorder
    2. The patients have body habitat similar to that of Marfan’s syndrome
    3. Myopia is common
    4. Is associated with neurosensory loss
      1. Ans(1)
  14. Difference between Rods & Cones is all except:
    1. Intensity
    2. Number
    3. Transduction
    4. Color
      1. Ans(3)
  15. Differentiating classic and occult neovascular membranes is possible using
    1. Amsler grid
    2. Fundus fluorescein angiography
    3. Optical coherence tomography
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(2)
  16. A color vision which is true:
    1. Independent of the wavelength of light
    2. Involves opponent color cells
    3. Minimum at the fixation point
    4. Depends on intensity discrimination
      1. Ans(2)
  17. The following are true about choroidal neovascular membranes:
    1. Subfoveal CNV is best treated with direct focal argon laser
    2. Juxtafoveal CNV is 0-200 from the foveal avascular zone
    3. Extrafoveal CNV is more than 200um from foveal avascular zone
    4. Optic disc drusen is a cause of CNV
      1. Ans(1)
  18. B- wave in ERG arises from:
    1. Bipolar cells
    2. Muller cells
    3. Cones and rods
    4. Ganglion cells
      1. Ans(2)
  19. The following statements are true regarding dry age-related macular degeneration
    1. It will typically have a visual acuity of 6/60 or worse within 2 years
    2. The optimal management is  with low visual aids
    3. The contralateral eye will be simultaneously affected in all cases
    4. The patient should be promptly referred for fluorescein angiography
      1. Ans(2)
  20. Retinitis pigmentosa in NOT associated with?
    1. Usher syndrome
    2. Bronzewing syndrome
    3. Kearns Sayre syndrome
    4. Marfan syndrome
      1. Ans(4)
  21. Photodynamic therapy is useful for the which conditions resulting from age-related macular degeneration
    1. Retinal pigment epithelium detachment
    2. Disform macular degeneration
    3. Geographic Atrophy
    4. Occult subfoveal neovascular membrane
      1. Ans(4)
  22. Causative factor for Macular degeneration in diabetes mellitus are all except
    1. Retinal ischemia
    2. Neovascularization
    3. Oxidative stress
    4. Disruption of retinal pigment epithelium
      1. Ans(4)
  23. The following is true about verteporfin used in photodynamic therapy:
    1. Verteporfin is activated by green laser light
    2. it generates   free radicals which cause blood clotting local to the lesion
    3. It destroys the new vessels through heat
    4. It is contraindicated in pseudophakia
      1. Ans(2)
  24. Which is autosomal dominant?
    1. Gyrate Atrophy
    2. Best Disease
    3. Laurence Moon Biedl Syndrome
    4. Bassen Kornzweig’s Disease
      1. Ans(2)
  25. False about Neuroretinitis from cat-scratch fever
    1. Shows optic nerve swelling
    2. Macular star is typical
    3. The vision usually returns to normal even without treatment in most patients
    4. Is usually bilateral
      1. Ans(4)
  26. All are used in t/t of diabetic retinopathy except?
    1. Removal of epiretinal membrane
    2. Vitrectomy
    3. Retinal reattachment
    4. Exo photocoagulation
      1. Ans(3)
  27. False about following are true about cat-scratch fever
    1. Caseating granulomas are seen in lymph node
    2. In patients who develop neuroretinitis visual loss is typically preceded by systemic illness
    3. It is a cause of Parinaud’s oculoglandular fever
    4. An aching neck with cough or movement is common
      1. Ans(2)
  28. Which of the following is best to differentiate CRVO from carotid artery occlusion
    1. Dilated retinal vein
    2. Retinal artery pressure
    3. Tortuous artery vein
    4. Ophthalmodynamometry
      1. Ans(4)
  29. Cecocentral scotoma occurs in all except:
    1. Vitamin A deficiency
    2. Vitamin B12 deficiency
    3. Folate deficiency
    4. Thiamine deficiency
      1. Ans(1)
  30. ICG angiography is primarily indicated in:
    1. Minimal classical CNV
    2. Occult CNV
    3. Angioid Streaks with CNV
    4. Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
      1. Ans(2)
  31. True about retinal pigment epithelium:
    1. Contains both tight and gap junction
    2. Contains melanin on its apical surface
    3. Produces c wave of the ERG
    4. Produces part of the Bruch membrane
      1. Ans(4)
  32. Which of the following retinal disease is transmitted as the autosomal dominant trait:
    1. Bordet – Biddle syndrome
    2. Bassen kornzweig syndrome
    3. Best disease
    4. gyrate atrophy
      1. Ans(3)
  33. Cats eye syndrome is associated with
    1. Partial trisomy 21
    2. Partial trisomy 18
    3. Partial trisomy 13
    4. Partial  trisomy 22
      1. Ans(4)
  34. Which of the following is a cause of pseudo retinitis pigmentosa
    1. CMV retinitis
    2. Rubella retinopathy
    3. ARN
    4. Toxoplasmosis
      1. Ans(2)
  35. Which of the following statement is not true about chronic papilledema?
    1. Collection of extracellular fluid
    2. stasis of axoplasmic transport
    3. disruption of neurofilament
    4. Swelling of axon
      1. Ans(1)
  36. In CRAO the cherry red spot is due to
    1. Hemorrhage at macula
    2. Increased choroidal perfusion at the macula
    3. Increased retinal perfusion at the macula
    4. the contrast between the edematous pale retina and reddish choroid
      1. Ans(1)
  37. Vitreous hemorrhage is not seen in which of the following condition:
    1. Vitreous degeneration
    2. Eales’ disease
    3. Hypertension
    4. Diabetic retinopathy
      1. Ans(1)
  38. The most common site for BROV is:
    1. Superotemporal quadrant
    2. Inferotemporal quadrant
    3. Inferonasal quadrant
    4. Superonasal quadrant
      1. Ans(1)
  39. Retinoblastoma is most commonly associated with
    1. Osteosarcoma
    2. Renal cell carcinoma
    3. Pineoblastoma
    4. None of the above
      1. Ans(1)
  40. Exudative retinal detachment is seen in
    1. High myopia
    2. Pre-eclampsia
    3. Hypertension
    4. Retinopathy of prematurity
      1. Ans(2)
  41. Rosettes are characteristically seen in
    1. Dysgerminoma
    2. melanoma
    3. Retinoblastoma
    4. Lymphoma
      1. Ans(3)
  42. The pathognomonic feature of diabetic retinopathy is:
    1. Hard exudates
    2. Microaneurysm
    3. Dot-blot haemorrhage
    4. Neovasculation at disc
      1. Ans(2)
  43. A 4 yr old child presented with leukokoria with cataract in one eye. On funduscopic examination, he is found to have two small nodules in another eye. Which of the following is a most appropriate line of management?
    1. Wait and watch policy
    2. Enucleation of both eye
    3. Enucleation of one eye and focal treatment of the nodules on another
    4. Chemotherapy
      1. Ans(3)
  44. The choroid is supplied by:
    1. Central retinal artery
    2. Short posterior ciliary artery
    3. long posterior ciliary artery
    4. Anterior ciliary artery
      1. Ans(2)
  45. Which of the following is not a cause of salt and pepper fundus?
    1. Rubella
    2. HSV
    3. CMV
    4. Syphilis
      1. Ans(3)
  46. True statement regarding Best disease:
    1. Autosomal recessive inheritance
    2. ERG is abnormal; EOG is normal
    3. Fundus may appear normal
    4. Visual acuity is only moderately affected by2 late stages
      1. Ans(4)
  47. The most common presenting sign of retinoblastoma is:
    1. Leucocoria
    2. Squint
    3. Hyphema
    4. Orbital cellulitis
      1. Ans(1)
  48. The most common acute complication caused by diabetes mellitus in the eye:
    1. cataract
    2. Macular edema
    3. Vitreous haemorrhage
    4. Refractive error
      1. Ans(4)
  49. The earliest manifestation  of radiation retinopathy
    1. cataract
    2. macular hole
    3. cotton wool spot
    4. neovascularization
      1. Ans(3)
  50. The  most common ocular complication of Giant cell arteritis;
    1. CROV
    2. CRAO
    3. Macular edema
    4. Ischemic optic neuropathy
      1. Ans(4)

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All attempts have been made to give the right answers in case anything wrong please inform us through our comments section also refer standard textbooks

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