Monday, 23rd July 2018
23 July 2018

Day 31 – Lesson 14 – PG NEET Ophthalmology Mcqs – Retina

Day 31 – Lesson 14 – PG NEET Ophthalmology Mcqs – Retina

  1. All of the following can cause a white pupillary reflex EXCEPT:
    1. Retinoblastoma
    2. Cataract
    3. retrolental fibroplasia
    4. Glaucoma
      1. Ans(4)
  2. A concentration of fluids is seen in
    1. 2%
    2. 5%
    3. 10%
    4. 20%
      1. Ans(1)
  3. False regarding retinitis pigmentosa is;
    1. ERG is normal
    2. Narrowing of vessel
    3. Pale waxy disc
    4. Pigment presents
      1. Ans(1)
  4. Cherry red spot is seen in
    1. Eales’s disease
    2. Retinitis pigmentosa
    3. Central retinal artery thrombosis
    4. Central retinal vein occlusion
      1. Ans(3)
  5. After enucleation in retinoblastoma, which of the following tissue is sectioned and subjected to microscopic examination to find out systemic metastasis:
    1. Vortex vein
    2. optic nerve
    3. Sclera and episclera
    4. Central retinal artery
      1. Ans(2)
  6. The characteristic feature of diabetic retinopathy:
    1. Hard exudates and superficial hemorrhage
    2. Soft exudates and deep hemorrhage
    3. Hard exudates and deep hemorrhage
    4. Soft exudates and superficial hemorrhage
      1. Ans(3)
  7. Cherry red spot is seen in which of the following
    1. central retinal vein occlusion
    2. Eale’s disease
    3. Retinitis pigmentosa
    4. Central retinal artery  thrombosis
      1. Ans(4)
  8. In prevention of retrolental fibroplasia the oxygen should be:
    1. 10-20%
    2. 30 – 40%
    3. 50 -60%
    4. 70-80%
      1. Ans(2)
  9. In which of the following disease macula is most commonly involved:
    1. Sarcoidosis
    2. brucellosis
    3. toxoplasmosis
    4. leprosy
      1. Ans(3)
  10. NPCB  strategy for screening of diabetic retinopathy
    1. Opportunistic screening
    2. High-risk screening
    3. Eye examining by diabetologist
    4. Mass screening
      1. Ans(1)
  11. False regarding Eales’s disease is:
    1. retinal detachment
    2. optic neuritis
    3. Occurs in the young population
    4. Vitreous hemorrhage is present
      1. Ans(2)
  12. Retinal detachment with photopsia and floaters with scintillation are seen in:
    1. Rhegmatogenous detachment
    2. Exudative detachment
    3. Tractional detachment
    4. Vitreous hemorrhage
      1. Ans(11)
  13. In which of the following condition ring scotoma is seen:
    1. Vitamin A toxicity
    2. Retinoblastoma
    3. Retinitis pigmentosa
    4. Choroidal atrophy
      1. Ans(3)
  14. Amsler grid is used in which of the following
    1. Refractory errors
    2. Macular disorders
    3. Retinal function test
    4. Detecting tubular vision
      1. Ans(2)
  15. In a patient with AIDS chorioretinitis is typically caused by;
    1. Cytomegalovirus
    2. toxoplasma gondii
    3. Cryptococcus neoformans
    4. Histoplasma capsulatum
      1. Ans(1)
  16. In CROV which of the following is seen
    1. Cataract
    2. Retinal detachment
    3. Neovascular glaucoma
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(3)
  17. Hereditary retinoblastomas develop the following chromosomal deletion
    1. 12 q 14
    2. 13 p 14
    3. 14 p 13
    4. 14 q 13
      1. Ans(1)
  18. In which of the following retina is not affected?
    1. Retinal detachment
    2. Anemia
    3. Primary optic atrophy
    4. consecutive optic atrophy
      1. Ans(3)
  19. A one -year old child having leukocoria was detected to be having a unilateral large retinoblastoma filling hall the globe, current therapy would involve
    1. Enucleation
    2. Chemotherapy followed by local dyes
    3. Direct laser ablation using photodynamic cryotherapy
    4. Scleral radiotherapy followed by chemotherapy
      1. Ans(1)
  20. “Flower – petal appearance” in fluorescein angiography is seen in:
    1. Central serous retinopathy
    2. Choroidal nodules
    3. Choroiditis
    4. Cystoid macular edema
      1. Ans(4)
  21. In diabetic retinopathy the earliest sign is:
    1. Silver wire appearance
    2. copper wire appearance
    3. Coton wool exudates
    4. Microaneurysm
      1. Ans(4)
  22. A well-nourished child from high socioeconomic family complains of progressive night blindness. The likely diagnosis is:
    1. Hypovitaminosis A
    2. Celiac disease
    3. Quinine toxicity
    4. Retinitis pigmentosa
      1. Ans(4)
  23. True regarding diabetic retinopathy is:
    1. Determine prognosis of the disease
    2. Incidence increase  with duration of disease
    3. Seen only in uncontrolled diabetes
    4. Always associated with hypertension
      1. Ans(2)
  24. Night – blindness is seen in:
    1. Uveitis
    2. Achromatopsia
    3. Retinitis pigmentosa
    4. Infantile glaucoma
      1. Ans(3)
  25. All the following are finding in diabetic retinopathy EXCEPT
    1. Microaneurysm
    2. Arteriolar dilatation
    3. retinal hemorrhage
    4. Neovascularization
      1. Ans(2)
  26. Retinal hole formation is most common in presence of:
    1. Cystoid retinal degeneration
    2. Lattice retinal degeneration
    3. Diffuse chorioretinal degeneration
    4. Focal pigment proliferation of clumping
      1. Ans(2)
  27. The chalky white fundus is seen in all the following EXCEPT:
    1. Syphilis
    2. Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy
    3. Chronic papillitis
    4. Traumatic injury
      1. Ans(3)
  28. The layer of rods and cones of the retina is located
    1. Towards the vitreous
    2. Towards the sclera
    3. In between other retinal layers
    4. None of the above
      1. Ans(3)
  29. An elderly male with heart disease has sudden painless loss of vision with a systolic murmur over the chest. Ocular examination reveals a cherry-red spot in the macula, clear AC,  with the perception of light positive and pupillary reflex negative. The most probable diagnosis is
    1. CRAO
    2. CRVO
    3. Macular choroiditis with bacterial endocarditis
    4. Amaurosis fugax
      1. Ans(1)
  30. Mizuo phenomenon seen in
    1. Ant.uveitis
    2. Fundus Flavimaculatus
    3. Oguchi disease
    4. Choroideremia
      1. Ans(3)
  31. Cherry red spot in fundus is seen in which of the following condition:
    1. Retinitis pigmentosa
    2. Trauma
    3. Diabetic retinopathy
    4. CRVO
      1. Ans(2)
  32. A female presents with loss of eyesight in both eyes, right more than left. all tests are normal fundus normal. On closing eyes patient can touch both tips of her fingers, with left eye closed but not right.Diagnosis fund
    1. Optic neuritis
    2. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
    3. Functional visual loss
    4. CMV Retinitis
      1. Ans(3)
  33. 100 days glaucoma is seen in which of the following condition:
    1. Steroid-induced glaucoma
    2. CRAO
    3. CRVO
    4. Neovascular glaucoma
      1. Ans(3)
  34. A child born at 29  weeks and he was diagnosed zone 1 ROP in both eyes at post eyes at post eyes at conceptional 33 weeks of age. What would be next treatment
    1. Urgent photocoagulation in both eyes to the removed avascular peripheral retina
    2. Follow up
    3. Laser photocoagulation in worsen eye and follow up with other eyes
    4. Vitreoretinal surgery
      1. Ans(1)
  35. Neovascular glaucoma is not seen in:
    1. JRA
    2. CRVO
    3. D.R
    4. Eales’ disease
      1. Ans(1)
  36. 70 yrs old patient with NIDDM underwent macular laser photocoagulaco for mild non-proliferative retinopathy with macular edema 8 weeks back now shows features in vitro – macular traction. management would be:
    1. Macular laser surgery
    2. Pan endophotocoagulation
    3. Pars plana vitrectomy
    4. Intravitreal Bevacizumab
      1. Ans(3)
  37. In ERG ‘A’ waves corresponds to;
    1. Rods and cones
    2. Nerve bundle layer
    3. Artifact
    4. Pigment epithelium
      1. Ans(1)
  38. A 15 yr old boy with no previous significant past history and no positive family history presents with bilateral progressive loss of central vision. ERG is normal. What is the diagnosis?
    1. Retinitis pigmentosa
    2. Best’s disease
    3. Stargardt’s disease
    4. Macular hole
      1. Ans(2)
  39. Cherry red spot in the macula is not seen in:
    1. GM type gangliosidosis
    2. Tay-Sachs disease
    3. Tangier’s disease
    4. Fabry disease
      1. Ans(3)
  40. A patient presented with sudden onset of floaters diminution of vision and sensation of dialing of a curtain in front of the eye. Which one of the following is the appropriate diagnosis?
    1. Eales’ disease
    2. Vitreous hemorrhage
    3. Retinal detachment
    4. Macular hole
      1. Ans(3)
  41. In which of the following condition, cattle truck appearance is seen;
    1. retinal neovascularization
    2. Retinal proliferation
    3. CRVO
    4. CRAO
      1. Ans(3)
  42. Late-onset endophthalmitis after intraocular lens implantation usually caused by:
    1. staphylococcus epidermidis
    2. pseudomonas aeruginosa
    3. streptococcus pyogenes
    4. propionibacterium acne
      1. Ans(4)
  43. Retinoblastoma differs form paseudoglioma in that it causes
    1. Decreased intraocular pressure
    2. Blurring of vision
    3. Enlargement of the optic foramen
    4. All of the above
      1. Ans(3)
  44. Following drugs are useful in Rx for macular edema except:
    1. Ruboxistaurim
    2. Tamoxifen
    3. Pegaptanib
    4. None
      1. Ans(2)
  45. All the following changes are caused in the retina by benign hypertension EXCEPT:
    1. Narrowing of arterioles
    2. Exudates hard
    3. Cotton wool spots
    4. Retinal Haemorrhage
      1. Ans(2)
  46. Not seen in Laurence – Moon – Beidl syndrome
    1. Obesity
    2. retinitis pigmentosa
    3. Sexual underdevelopment
    4. Retinal detachment
      1. Ans(3)
  47. Bull’s eye retinal lesions seen in:
    1. Lead toxicity
    2. Ethambutol toxicity
    3. Chloroquine toxicity
    4. Oral contraceptive toxicity
      1. Ans(3)
  48. Retinitis pigmentosa is a feature of all except
    1. Refsum’s
    2. Hallavardian Spatz Syndrome
    3. NARP
    4. Abetalipoproteinemia
      1. Ans(2)
  49. The periphery of the retina is best visualized with which of the following
    1. Indirect ophthalmoscopy
    2. Ultrasonography
    3. Retinoscopy
    4. Direct ophthalmoscopy
      1. Ans(1)
  50. Salt and pepper fundus is seen in
    1. Ehler -Danlos syndrome
    2. Toxocara
    3. Rubella
    4. Toxoplasma
      1. Ans(2)

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