Municipality in India Bhopal is a municipality in the Ahmedabad district of India, the state of Gujarat. Bhopal and its neighboring village Ghana have been merged and granted a ‘municipality’ status in February 2015. Area: 4.981 mi²
Weather: 104°F (40°C), Wind S at 7 mph (11 km/h), 39% Humidity
Local time: Monday 3:17 PM
Bhopal is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, known for its various natural as well as artificial lakes. The city has been selected as one of the first 20 Indian cities to be developed as a Smart City under the PM’s flagship Smart Cities Mission. Some of the main tourist attractions of the city are Upper Lake, Badi Jheel Lake, Van Vihar National Park, Lakshmi Narayana Temple and Gohar Mahal. Being an important travel destination, Bhopal is well-connected to other major Indian cities by air, road and rail.
Although Dost Mohammed Khan was the virtual ruler of Bhopal, he still acknowledged the suzerainty of the declining Mughal Empire. His successors however, acquired the title of “Nawab” and declared Bhopal an independent state. By the 1730s, the Marathas were expanding into the region, and Dost Mohammed Khan and his successors fought wars with their neighbors to protect the small territory and also fought among themselves for control of the state. The Marathas conquered several nearby states, including Indore to the west and Gwalior to the north, but Bhopal remained a Muslim-ruled state under Dost Mohammed Khan’s successors. Subsequently, Nawab Wazir Mohammed Khan, a general, created a truly strong state after fighting several wars. Nawab Jehangir Mohammed Khan established a cantonment at a distance of one mile from the fort. This was called Jehangirabad after him. He built gardens and barracks for British guests and soldiers in Jehangirabad.
In 1778, during the First Anglo-Maratha War, when the British General Thomas Goddard campaigned across India, Bhopal was one of the few states that remained friendly to the British. In 1809, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, General Close led a British expedition to Central India. The Nawab of Bhopal petitioned in vain to be received under British protection. In 1817, when the Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out, a treaty of dependence was signed between the British Government of India and the Nawab of Bhopal. Bhopal remained a friend of British Government during the British Raj in India.
In February-March 1818, Bhopal became a princely state in British India as a result of the Anglo-Bhopal treaty between the East India Company and Nawab Nazar Muhammad (Nawab of Bhopal during 1816-1819). Bhopal state included the present-day Bhopal, Raisen, and Sehore districts, and was part of the Central India Agency. It straddled the Vindhya Range, with the northern portion lying on the Malwa plateau, and the southern portion lying in the valley of the Narmada River, which formed the state’s southern boundary. Bhopal Agency was formed as an administrative section of Central India, consisting the Bhopal state and some princely states to the northeast, including Khilchipur, Narsingarh, Raigarh, and after 1931 the Dewas states. It was administered by an agent to the British Governor-General of India.
The Present Day Bhopal
The present city of Bhopal was founded by Dost Mohammed, an Afghan
The present city of Bhopal was founded by Dost Mohammed, an Afghan soldier, when the Mughal kingdom was nearing its decline after the death of the Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707. It was another chapter in the history of Bhopal, when Islamic influence upon its culture and architecture started replacing the mostly Hindu identity of Bhopal. Dost Mohammed Khan captured the tiny Gond Kingdom and established the capital of this kingdom at Jagdishpur, near present Bhopal; it was renamed as Islamnagar. Islamnagar was beautified through construction of several palaces and forts built in this era. Dost Mohammed finally built a grand fort called Fatehgarh (“the fort of victory”) in Bhopal on the northern bank of the Upper Lake.
Economy and Investments in Bhopal
Some of the prominent industries in Bhopal comprise cotton, electrical goods,
Some of the prominent industries in Bhopal comprise cotton, electrical goods, jewelry and chemical. However, these are the old city economies that still continue to reap benefits for the economy. However, in the recent past since its current chief minister presided the office, not only Bhopal, but the entire state has witnessed ample growth in terms of infrastructure over the past few years. This has been instrumental in driving the economy of the region to a considerable length. Needless to say that ample jobs in Bhopal has also been created owing to the booming economy. The current government has also taken ample initiatives in the development of seven industrial growth centres. It has plans to develop ten more growth centres at different locations at a later stage.
The development of industrial growth centres would take shape in a phased manner and two phases have been planned for the purpose. In the first phase, government has plans to develop seven growth centres, while ten will be developed in the second phase. State audyogik kendra vikas nigams (AKVN), autonomous bodies of the state industries’ department; have already identified land of nearly 1,000 hectares for the first phase. These centres will come up in Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain and Gwalior. Anil Ambani of the Reliance Group is making an investment in the region (Bhopal) and intends to come up with an institute.
Education and Engineering Sector
The city of Bhopal is also known for its education and engineering sectors. the city boasts of several educational institutes of national importance. These institutes offer teaching jobs to desired candidates. Highly qualified and experienced professionals can choose to find jobs in institutes like IISER, AIIMS, SPA, IIFM and others. The city is also home to a number of government schools and colleges where teachers can seek employment. On the other hand, engineers can find employment in organizations like BHEL and ISRO. The current government has approved of IT parks and an electronics manufacturing cluster that would be coming up in Bhopal. Needless to say that thousands of job openings would be created in Bhopal where IT professionals can easily find employment.
Average capital values in the area vary from Rs 3,700-4,500 per sq ft with multi-storey apartments being the most supplied property type Most of the upcoming residential projects are gated communities or societies. Demand for properties is generated from professionals and service-class employed in corporate offices of Prahlad Nagar and nearby areas The area has easy connectivity through the SP Ring Road and Ambli Road Developing social infrastructure is one of the main reasons why property prices are low here
How to Reach Bhopal by Air
Bhopal Airport is located about 13 km northwest of the city centre and is well-connected to other major cities of the country like Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Raipur, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad and Mumbai by regular flights. From the airport, taxis are available to reach the city centre.
How to Reach Bhopal by Road
Regular state run and private bus services connect Bhopal to Ahmedabad, Kota, Jodhpur, Nagpur, Shirdi, Pune, Jaipur, Amravati, Vadodara, Surat and Nashik.
How to Reach Bhopal by Rail
Bhopal Junction is the largest railway station in the city and is a major junction on the Delhi-Chennai main line and the Central railway route from Delhi to Mumbai. It connects Bhopal to all parts of the country, except North-Eastern states.
Main Agricultural and Horticulture Crops
The major crops grown in Bhopal include paddy, wheat, maize and jowar among cereals, and gram, tur, urad and moong among pulses, while soybean, groundnut and mustard among oilseeds. Cash Crops like cotton and sugarcane are also grown in few districts of the state. Agriculture is the mainstay of State’s economy as 74.73 per cent of the people are rural. As much as 49 per cent of the land area is cultivable. The productivity of major crops like wheat, rice, pulses has also been good.
Visit In Bhopal
National Museum of Mankind
State Museum of Madhya Pradesh
Van Vihar National Park
Facts about Bhopal
- Bhopal was initially named as “Bhopal” after the ruler who had his reign for a long time. The term “bhoj” is after the kind Parmara king Bhoj and the term “pal” means “dam” as this rule created several dams surrounding the numerous lakes that are still present in the city.
- It would surprise many that this city saw its golden period during the rule of the Muslim queens, more popularly called the “Begums”. The height of the arts, public works, culture, and architecture were astonishingly high during the rule of the ladies in this city.
- The begums gave the city all important things including the postal systems, railways, municipality, and the waterworks.
- Among the most prominent and remarkably made historical monuments are the shaukat mahal, moti masjid, jama masjid, chowk bazaar, Taj ul Masjid, gauhar mahal, sadar manzil and taj mahal.
- On the outskirts of Bhopal, there are other historical places and some of the finest ones are: Islam Nagar fort, Ginnorgarh Fort, Raised fort.
- The city has the third largest bus rapid system corridor in the country, known as the BRTS.
- Bhopal is one of the best connected cities in terms of railway routes.
- The Habibgunj station was the first to hold distinction as the ISO certified station in India.
- BHEL, considered among the maharatna companies of India is providing highly sustainable solutions for business in the various fields- infrastructure, industry and energy.
- Bhopal city is ahead in terms of the exports with an export stats of about 800 crore in textiles, 400 crore in soya meals.
- At Mandideep, the biggest manufacturing facility of the Éclair, Cadbury is established.
- The largest Electrode plant of the world is located in Bhopal.
- With rising pollution and health problems, the city still manages to hold its position in the most green and healthy cities of india.
- It is rightly called city of lakes because it has more than fifteen large and small lakes.
- The city has a national park that is a home to many birds, animals and plants and is called VanVihar national park.
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