Tuesday, 24th April 2018
24 April 2018
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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verses 1 2

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verses 1  2 

The verses

sañjaya uvācha
taṁ tathā kṛipayāviṣhṭamaśhru pūrṇākulekṣhaṇam
viṣhīdantamidaṁ vākyam uvācha madhusūdanaḥ
śhrī bhagavān uvācha
kutastvā kaśhmalamidaṁ viṣhame samupasthitam
anārya-juṣhṭamaswargyam akīrti-karam arjuna

Word to word meaning

sañjayaḥ uvācha—Sanjay said;
tam—to him (Arjun);
tathā—thus;
kṛipayā—with pity;
āviṣhṭam—overwhelmed;
aśhru-pūrṇa—full of tears;
ākula—distressed;
īkṣhaṇam—eyes;
viṣhīdantam—grief-stricken;
idam—these;
vākyam—words;
uvācha—said;
madhusūdanaḥ—Shree Krishn, slayer of the Madhu demon
śhrī-bhagavān uvācha—the Supreme Lord said;
kutaḥ—wherefrom;
tvā—to you;
kaśhmalam—delusion;
idam—this;
viṣhame—in this hour of peril;
samupasthitam—overcome;
anārya—crude person;
juṣhṭam—practiced;
aswargyam—which does not lead to the higher abodes;
akīrti-karam—leading to disgrace;
arjuna—Arjun

The translation

Sanjay said: Seeing Arjun overwhelmed with pity, his mind grief-stricken, and his eyes full of tears, Shree Krishna spoke the following words. The Supreme Lord said: My dear Arjun, how has this delusion overcome you in this hour of peril? It is not befitting an honorable person. It leads not to the higher abodes, but to disgrace.

Explanation

On asked by king Dhrirashtra as to what happened because he was eager to know if Arjuna was not ready to fight so that his sons need not give back their kingdom to the son of Pandu, Sanjaya speaks that Krishna was seeing Arjuna overwhelmed by grief with tears in his eyes. Arjuna here did not understand his real duty and was giving way for materialistic compassion and the fact that he was in tears shows that his mind was not in a clear position to think what was right and wrong so Krishna thought that it was right time to interfere or the war would be lost even without firing a single arrow

So Krishna starts talking to Arjuna which is the actual beginning of the Gita which lasts for about three hours. The Gita is actually easier to understand than the Upanishads and tells the common man how to run his life the good and the bad. It is explained by the supreme lord himself and is more simple so that the common man can understand by just reading it

Lord Krishna at first makes Arjuna more miserable by pointing to his mistake. The Supreme Lord first begins by inducing in Arjun a hunger for knowledge. He does this by pointing out that his state of confusion is dishonorable and inappropriate for virtuous persons. He then goes on to remind Arjun of the consequences of delusion, which are the pain, infamy, failure in life, and degradation of the soul.When we are struck by misfortune initially we are struck by grief and anger and at this point, our mind is not clear to think the right way. But our mind then tries to find a reason as to why this misfortune has come upon us and also finds a way so that such misfortune does not befall us in future. In this way, we get self-realization which is the ultimate to reach the lord’s feet after our death

So initially lord Krishna reminds Arjuna that what he was doing was not an act to be done by a person of his honor and that he is failing in his duty which was not correct

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