Thursday, 17th May 2018
17 May 2018
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Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 14

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 14

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The verse

mātrā-sparśhās tu kaunteya śhītoṣhṇa-sukha-duḥkha-dāḥ
āgamāpāyino ’nityās tans-titikṣhasva bhārata

Word to word meaning

mātrā-sparśhāḥ—contact of the senses with the sense objects;
tu—indeed;
kaunteya—Arjun, the son of Kunti;
śhīta—winter;
uṣhṇa—summer;
sukha—happiness;
duḥkha—distress;
dāḥ—give;
āgama—come;
apāyinaḥ—go;
anityāḥ—non-permanent;
tān—them;
titikṣhasva—tolerate;
bhārata—descendant of the Bharat

The translation

O son of Kunti, the contact between the senses and the sense objects gives rise to fleeting perceptions of happiness and distress. These are non-permanent, and come and go like the winter and summer seasons. O descendant of Bharat, one must learn to tolerate them without being disturbed.

Explanation

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Our body has five senses which perceive sensations like touch, sight, hearing, taste, and smell. These sensations are only temporary and are felt by the body only when the body it comes in contact with those articles and once it is removed the sensation is lost. Depending on what the sensation is the body may feel happy or distressed. Whatever be the sensation it is purely temporary and cannot be permanently felt. If these contacts of the senses were actually within the individual consciousness then they would also exist in the state of deep sleep. Therefore since it is evident that contact with the senses is experienced only in the waking state and not in any other state; the summation is clear that only when there is contact with the physical body which includes the mind, is there an effect and this proves that the individual consciousness itself is not affected. Similarly, even when a person is in deep distress when he sleeps he does not feel the distress. So these sensations are only purely temporary just like the seasons summer and winter they keep coming and going. A person with discrimination knows to handle these sensations and is not affected by these. Here also Arjuna is actually not distressed because his relatives are going to suffer but he is distressed that he will feel the pain of them dying. Also by addressing him as Bharat and Kaunteya Lord Krishna implies that a person from such big lineages should only think about his duties and not give thought to worldly pleasure and pain

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