Monday, 21st May 2018
21 May 2018
Image result for arjuna sitting dejected in chariot

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 verses 45 46 47

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 verses 45 46 47

The verse

aho bata mahat pāpaṁ kartuṁ vyavasitā vayam
yad rājya-sukha-lobhena hantuṁ sva-janam udyatāḥ
yadi mām apratīkāram aśhastraṁ śhastra-pāṇayaḥ
dhārtarāṣhṭrā raṇe hanyus tan me kṣhemataraṁ bhavet
sañjaya uvācha
evam uktvārjunaḥ saṅkhye rathopastha upāviśhat
visṛijya sa-śharaṁ chāpaṁ śhoka-saṁvigna-mānasaḥ

Word to word meaning

aho—alas
bata—how
mahat—great
pāpam—sins
kartum—to perform
vyavasitāḥ—have decided
vayam—we
yat—because
rājya-sukha-lobhena—driven by the desire for kingly pleasure
hantum—to kill
sva-janam—kinsmen
udyatāḥ—intending
yadi—if
mām—me
apratīkāram—unresisting
aśhastram—unarmed
śhastra-pāṇayaḥ—those with weapons in hand
dhārtarāṣhṭrāḥ—the sons of Dhritarashtra
raṇe—on the battlefield
hanyuḥ—shall kill
tat—that
me—to me
kṣhema-taram—better
bhavet—would be sañjayaḥ uvācha—Sanjay said
evam uktvā—speaking thus
arjunaḥ—Arjun
saṅkhye—in the battlefield
ratha upasthe—on the chariot
upāviśhat—sat
visṛijya—casting aside
sa-śharam—along with arrows
chāpam—the bow
śhoka—with grief
saṁvigna—distressed
mānasaḥ—mind

Translation

Alas! How strange it is that we have set our mind to perform this great sin. Driven by the desire for kingly pleasures, we are intent on killing our own kinsmen. It will be better if, with weapons in hand, the sons of Dhritarashtra kill me unarmed and unresisting on the battlefield. Sanjay said: Speaking thus, Arjun cast aside his bow and arrows, and sank into the seat of his chariot, his mind in distress and overwhelmed with grief.

Explanation

Arjun a kshatriya forgot his duty as a human and gave way for worldly attachments to his kith and kin that’s why when lord Krishna told him that even if he refuses to kill the Kauravas they won’t spare him and they would bring an end to his family Arjuna told that getting killed by his brother is better than he killing them and going to hell doing this great sin. He also forgot that killing the Kauravas was not for his personal gains but for the well-being of the human race because leaving them alive would be a curse for the human race. Then Sanjaya understanding that his master Dhrirashtra would ask him “Then what happened?” answered even before he could ask. So saying the great warrior Arjuna who is capable of handling so many enemies at the same time kept his bow the Gandiva down in grief and sat in his chariot not bothered about who was watching him in the center of the battlefield

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