Africa is the second largest continent after Asia. It covers 1/5th of the world’s land surface. It’s little bulged to the west and is surrounded by oceans and sea. It can be considered to be less populated because only 10% of the land’s population lives here. So for its huge size, this population is far too less.
AFRICA – EXTENT
It stretches 5000 miles from north to south and 4600 miles from east to west. It has narrow coastal strips to gigantic plateau. Its coastline has limited harbours and few bays and inlet. It has a few true mountain chains. In the south east the Ethopian highland forms a broad area of high topography. Mount Kilamanjaro covered with ice and snow is the continents highest peak with a height of 19340 feet.
AFRICA – GEOGRAPHY
The east African rift system is the countries most dramatic geological feature. The great rent starts in the Red sea and goes southwards with stunning lakes volcanoes and deep valleys within it. The great Rift valley marks the point of division of east Africa
The Sahara desert covers quarter of the land of Africa. Lakes and rivers lie south of sahel while a vast area of short grass land lies on the south of Sahara.
Most of Africa is covered by the Savannah, which is a high rolling grassy plain. The great escarpment in southern Africa is a plateau that slopes down to the costal region. Its the highly eroded Drakensberg range and it reaches an altitute of about 11400 feet.
Madagascar the fourth largest island in the world lies to the east of the mainland and its famous for its fauna and flora. It has high value medicinal plants and lemur species.
The rivers of Africa are Niger, Congo and Zambezi. These rivers are used for internal transport and also helps in fishery. The Nile the longest river of the world starts south ofthe Equator and flows north north east and finally terminates into the Mediterranean ocean.
Wild life is found in plenty in eastern and southern Africa.